12 08.2014

Career Development Practice

By Crown Coaching

The way we live and work has been dramatically altered by factors such as: globalisation, economic restructuring and the resulting downsizing, rapid increases in information and communications technology, significant demographic shifts, and changes to the provision of education and training. The move to a knowledge economy and a flexible workforce, encourages individuals to have multiple careers in their lifetime. The ‘job for life’ concept is lost in this process as individuals take greater responsibility for their career, earning an income, marketable skills and attributes, and ways to feel fulfilled.

The result is an evolving workforce in which individuals seek out multiple careers and identities, rather than remain with their original vocational choice. These may be concurrent (where a worker has two simultaneous careers) or sequential (where a worker adopts a new career after having worked for some time in another career). Both may occur for different reasons.

Workers with concurrent multiple careers work at 2 careers simultaneously. Often, such careers are also regarded as a “hyphenated” professional identity. Examples, a “teacher-painter” might refer to an individual who works for nine months of the year as teacher, and three (summer) months of the year as a painter. Or, combine both roles in different capacities. A “doctor-actor” might refer to an individual who works as a doctor during the day, but works as an actor on a casual basis when suitable roles are available.

Some consider the hyphen “-homemaker” or “-caregiver” as suggestive of another type of concurrent multiple career worker. Increasingly, as adults care for grand children and older generation parents, the “X-caregiver” worker has emerged –

where a worker completes the tasks of career-X and simultaneously cares for the needs of grandchildren or elders.

Workers can adopt concurrent multiple careers for a number of reasons including: economic for additional income, educational such as multiple degrees in multiple fields, or personal such as interest or lack of fulfilment in one career.

Economist, Richard Florida, among others suggests that some “hyphenates” pursue multiple concurrent careers in order to fulfil creative needs. A “doctor-actor,” for example, might pursue ceramics for creative fulfilment as well as profit, and professional development.

Workers with sequential multiple careers change their professional identity over time. Thus, a worker in one career, over time may then switch to a related career or an entirely new career. For example, a teacher who has spent many years in the profession may change their career to being a fitness instructor. Over a lifetime, individuals can expect to change their careers 5-7 times.

The reasons for multiple careers reflect the life stages of the individual and the state of the economy. With improved educational opportunities, individuals are encouraged to develop themselves and enhance their career opportunities. As life-expectancy increases, an individual may seek a career that is less time consuming and demanding, or perhaps, the desire to express another side of him/herself. This will give rise to careers that have individual hobbies at their core, such as wine making, or baking. However, with a slow economy, many individuals seek to hold onto a job for security reasons, so that there is less job hopping.

Dr. Donald Super argued that people pass through five career stages during their life span that reflects their life stage, and will make appropriate career changes, adjustments and transitions during each stage. The life stages are:

Growth until the age of 14, where individuals “Try out” through classes, work experience, hobbies.

Exploration from the age of 15-24. Various occupational options are explored though school, leisure, part-time work, volunteering and hobbies. “Trial jobs” may be tested before finding a more stable and appropriate fit.

Establishment from the age of 25-44. A suitable occupation is selected and efforts are made to secure a long-term place in the chosen career. Obtaining certifications, credentials, and advanced degrees may be the norm.

Maintenance from the age 45-64. This stage is characterised by either Holding on (stagnating or plateauing), or Keeping up (updating or enriching).

Sometimes people feel risk adverse with various career options which may lead to frustration or even depression.

In middle adulthood individuals may reflect on what they have done with their life, or, what they truly want.

Disengagement or New Beginnings from age 65, where there is a decline from formal employment to finding new roles with a view to retirement.

In the ‘new beginning’ retirees are preferring to work in some form while pursuing new or renewed outside interests. They may assist or mentor younger members of the industry or organisation, seek self-employment or a new work role.

With many changes in the economy, work patterns and to the individual’s career over a lifetime, the role of career development practitioners is important to support individuals during challenging times to redefine their careers and skill set for employment, and lifelong learning for lifelong earning.

Career counsellors are needed at all levels of the job market, by individuals, schools, tertiary sector, and organisations. Clients include: students at school and at

university, unemployed, those returning to the workforce, individuals in mid life transition, retrenched employees, and individuals approaching retirement. With the dynamic changes described, it is not surprising that career development is a growing profession.

Career development is the corner stone of the psychological contract between employer and employee. It is about ensuring the individual can create a meaningful and rewarding career in return for performance that adds value to the organisation. Increasingly, employees are being encouraged to take ownership of their development and careers.

Managers supervise staff, and are involved in staff performance reviews, and responsible for their work results. Additionally, they may manage their staff development through training, employment and mentoring.

Many managers attain their roles through their work experience, but are not always qualified for their role or in career development, to support their staff’s career progress and professional development needs. Yet, the careers and income of others may be reliant on such expertise.

With a dynamic career development industry, and changes to careers, employment, education and training, as career counsellors, we have the responsibility to navigate these changes and support clients with professional services during a time of uncertainty and insecurity in their lives. To professionally offer this role, it’s incumbent to encourage individuals to attain professional qualifications to strengthen our profession.

Crown Coaching and Training have developed a short online course titled Foundations in Career Development Practice (Incorporating CHCSS00005 Career Development Practice Skill Set) to provide individuals with the basic skills and knowledge in career development. The course is designed to complement the professional practice, and train individuals to work as a career counsellor.

The Foundations in Career Development Practice course is an online program of 3 topics and 7 units with webinars for each unit.

Leah is a professional member of the Career Development Association Australia (CDAA), a professional member of Australian Career Professionals International (ACPi-Aus). Leah is Board Certified as a Career Management Fellow (CMF) by the Institute of International Career Certification (ICCI). Leah is a Certified Retirement Coach with Retirement Options.

Leah is highly qualified and holds qualifications that include:

 Master in Professional Education and Training

 Graduate Diploma in Career Development

 Diploma in Vocational Education and Training Practice

 Diploma of Training and Assessment

 Certificate IV in Training and Assessment TAE40110

WHAT OUR CLIENTS SAY

Training Testimonials

Gina Liu
Gina Liu

Senior Pathway Advisor

Thanks Leah for having provided fantastic training. I did enjoy the course and learnt a lot.

I am interested in continuing my study in this direction so I will think about taking up further study in Graduate Diploma.

James Alexander
James Alexander

Account Manager

Thanks again for your patience and support throughout the duration of the course. I couldn’t have completed without your support and assistance.

Judith Ayre
Judith Ayre

Senior Lecturer & School of Counselling Academic Head

Leah, this is awesome, something to be really proud of. I am so glad you are here but more than that, that you are offering yourself and your expertise to the world. The world is clearly a better place for your presence. Thanks again for everything.

Janette Brien
Janette Brien

Rehabilitation Consultant

I would like to thank you for supporting me through your extensive supply of resources and experience in successfully completing the Foundations in Career Development Practice, CHCSS00005 Career Development Skills Set.

The facilitated delivery included a blend of monthly webinars, on-line resources and relevant workplace assignment tasks that have built my confidence to coach my clients toward achieving their desired goals.

Your feedback of my work was invaluable as it taught me to work smarter, more efficiently, providing me with more effective results and happier clients.

So, thank you very much for all your input over last 7 months!

Penny Azzi
Penny Azzi

Director, The Kazbah Group

I really enjoyed this training a lot and it was very beneficial not only to me but my organisation.  The course facilitator used her wealth of knowledge and experience to provide us with real examples that I could utilise within my organisation.  The content was user friendly and high quality. The support and guidance was outstanding throughout the program.  I would highly recommend this course and look forward to my next program with the course facilitator and the Team.

Tracey Walker
Tracey Walker

Learning and Development Manager, Ayers Rock Resort

I was lucky enough to have the course facilitator as my TAE trainer.  With a blended delivery of on-line content and weekly Skype one-on-one sessions, I found this learning experience to be one of the best of my adult life.  She set me challenges and workplace assignments that made the learning very relevant and effective.  Her various training techniques were both stimulating and innovative, which was extremely advantageous as I was able to use these same techniques with my Trainees.

Jack L. Harris
Jack L. Harris

Prof Emeritus

With Leah’s enthusiastic approach I was motivated to examine much more than the basic requirements of the course. Her depth of knowledge in this arena not only surprised me but empowered me to pursue all aspects of it to ensure I had a really good understanding of what it entailed. Leah had presented the course in a professional yet warm and personal way and which allowed her students to become closely acquainted with the subject. Her passion for helping others is highly evident and via this avenue she is able to encourage others to be the change they want to see in themselves and in the world around them.

Richard Fowler
Richard Fowler

Student, Foundations in Career Development Practice

I have been able to demonstrate many of the elements of the course immediately, and see the results in provoking the right conversations, as well as providing areas of focus that aid in alleviating tensions, and pointing toward solutions. Leah has pitched the course to comprehensively cover pertinent topics with her own flair, in a manner befitting high quality professional development. I would recommend it wherever applicable.

Timothy
Timothy

Hospitality and Retail

‘The courses are good. I enjoy studying online in my home. It is easier and preferable to going to university. Staff are supportive, assisting me to succeed.’

Adrian
Adrian

Student

‘Leah is a wealth of information and useful in terms of teaching content. It has been vital to how we learn and apply the skills.’

Nikki McCartney
Nikki McCartney

Management Consultant

“I’m blown away! This is fabulous! The Foundations unit I looked at has so many great educational principles built in and all using that digital world so well.”

Counselling Testimonials

SUSAN
SUSAN

Teacher

‘Leah, you have assisted me to broaden my career options beyond what I was considering.’

JOHN
JOHN

Teacher

‘A real insight, I can see how far behind I was – beautiful!’

FRANCES
FRANCES

Teacher

‘Leah, you have been absolutely invaluable today. Worth more than your weight in gold.’